It’s Inevitable…

Inevitability_water glass final v2

It’s popular for people to say that spread of technology into every aspect of our lives is inevitable.
To quote robot collective The Borg, from the Star Trek – Next Generation TV series: “Resistance is futile. You will be assimilated.”.

This idea of inevitability is especially heard during discussions of data collection and privacy. People who refrain from using a “free” app or social media platform because of privacy concerns can sometimes be met with the inevitability argument:

“What difference does it make if you join/use [fill in name of popular web service/app]? If your information isn’t all ready out there, it will be. There’s nothing you can do about. That’s the way things are.”

For those who hold this mindset, the game is over. The die is already cast. Someone somewhere decided that the devices we use will work a certain way – requiring that we use their services at a price they determine. That price, be it our personal data, our location, or the full content of our correspondence, is set in stone, and to believe otherwise is folly. To participate in the modern world (where everyone else is), this is the cover charge.

While we love technology here at, I have to say that I’m frustrated with this point of view. First off, it suggests that the only options that are available are the ones that are presented to you. Most of us choose the technology solutions we have because they are either the easiest option, they are ones that our friends are using, or they are the only alternatives we’re aware of.

Secondly, the idea of inevitability is typically brought out to act as a lubricant – something that eases people into doing something they don’t fully understand or don’t want to do. As soon as something is framed with the argument of inevitability, most of us tend to throw up our hands, and fall in line with the rest of the crowd.

Don’t confuse what I’m saying in this post. There is great potential for good in technology – especially when it comes to the growth of God’s Kingdom (Ed Stetzer wrote a nice post last year on how tech can be used to expand God’s Kingdom. Read it here). The problem is that believers must understand that our priorities (Christ spells them out in the Sermon on the Mount) are different the rest of the world. Therefore we must make sure that our use of tools, including technology, is conformed to those priorities. The digital tools that are now part of everyday life can be used to help us address God-given priorities. That’s great. But these tools aren’t built exclusively for that purpose. In fact, they are typically  designed to appeal to the largest audience possible. They are designed to appeal to those on the broad road, not those going through “the narrow gate”. They can be used for Christian purposes, but these tools often appeal to worldly priorities such as self-centeredness, approval-seeking, control, and lust. If appealing of these priorities brings more users to technology, then rest assured that the design of future devices will move further in that direction.

Therefore, accepting technology unquestioningly because it is “inevitable” just isn’t a tenable viewpoint for followers of Christ. We should be willing to embrace technology on every level, but only after understanding how it helps us pursue the cause of Christ.

This will require more work and thought from us. It also may make us stand out from everyone else. But as the “salt of the earth”, isn’t that what we’re supposed to do?

UPDATED – “God, Technology, & Us” – New Book Comes Out September 8th!!!

GTU_First Copy

UPDATE: Looks like the Internet gnomes have been working overtime, because “God, Technology, & Us” is NOW AVAILABLE on Amazon and Check it out!

You’re looking at a picture of the FINAL proof copy of my new book, “God, Technology, & Us”. It’s an exploration of our connection with technology and how it affects our relationship with God.

It’s been a long time coming, but it’s FINALLY done!
It’s scheduled for release on September 8th, and will be available on Amazon,, and most other online book resellers.

I appreciate the patience of all of the readers of, as I stole time from this site to work on the book. I promise you’ll be seeing more regular posts here now the book has been released. And if you’re hankering for more discussion on the topic of technology & God, pick up a copy of the book, or visit the book’s website,

Better Living/Design is a Moral Act

BnB Post Pic 22_1

This being graduation season, I can’t help but hark back to my graduation from engineering school (lo those many years ago). I remember thinking about which company I would go with for my first job out of college. Seeing that the economy was much different then than it is now, I was fortunate enough to have a few options to consider when it came to that first job. Key questions I asked myself were:

“What do I want to use my engineering skills for?
“What do I want my career to be about?”

While money was a significant part of my decision (I had been piecing together the stereo system I planned to buy for months), it wasn’t the biggest issue. I wanted to be able to look back at what I’ve done and feel like it mattered in some way. Most of all, I wanted what I designed to help people. I wanted to create tools that would make the lives of others easier. This sole factor ruled out certain employers and led me to choose my first place of employment as an engineer. While the outcome of my labors didn’t accomplish anything as noble as delivering water to the people of the Sudan, I was happy with what I was able to do.

In the past several weeks, I’ve had a chance to talk to a variety of engineers, web & software developers, and even some advanced Artificial Intelligence researchers. These are the people who, by and large, determine what technology impacts our lives and how that technology is used. The design choices they make everyday while creating new products directly impact the way we live our lives. In my conversations with these creators, there was one common thread that united them. When I asked, “What drives you to create/design/invent these products?”, all of these technologists gave answers that included a sentiment similar to mine:

“I just want to help people”
“I want to help people live a better life”

While the desire to “make something cool” is also a common motivation, the goal of helping others live a better life is part of the core that drives most people who create. And that, by the way, is a good thing.

While at first it may appear that a better life is something easy to define (less work, more free time, less pain, more pleasure), the definition becomes complicated fairly quickly. How should one live one’s life?

Is a life free of work better than a life filled with honest, purposeful labor?

Are daily tasks, such as cooking dinner or driving a car, mundane efforts that should be automated to free us?
Or are they areas of personal expression that make up part of our humanity?

Is the ability to live several decades beyond the normal human lifespan a worthwhile thing?
Or does it harm the normal cycle of birth, living, and death that is replicated everywhere in nature?

It is impossible to answer these questions without taking personal stance on how life should be lived. That stance, I would argue, is a moral stance. A personal statement defining what the inventor/designer believes is right and good. This stance determines what technologies get researched, what concepts move forward, what features are included, and what product gets released. When this product is released into the world, it performs two separate functions. Firstly, it (hopefully) functions as a tool for the end user, providing useful service or assistance. Secondly, the product serves as documentation of what the creator believes is valuable and important in this world.

A good example of this phenomenon is Henry Ford and the Model T. When the Model T was released in 1908, it was in many ways a personal statement of how Ford saw the world. While there were other vehicles available at the time, they cost much more than what most people could afford. Ford viewed the freedom and independence offered by personal transportation as a part of life that is important for all people. He specifically priced the Model T to be affordable for much of the working population. Ford also put little value on sentiment. He felt that what a person could do was more important than what that person’s title or education was. This was reflected in the Model T’s function-first design, which lacked ornamentation and was only available in black. The Model T was groundbreaking product that changed design, culture, and society in ways we are still feeling today. It was also a Henry Ford’s personal manifesto on wheels.

(BTW – I pulled these observations on Henry Ford and the Model T from PBS’s American Experience Series – The Titans, which is currently available online. I highly recommend checking it out.)

If designing products to make life better is a moral act, then that leaves both creators and consumers with a few key questions to ask:

1. Can engineers/designers/inventors who are Christian separate the things they create from what they believe? (Believe me – I’m asking myself this question just as much as I’m asking you, dear reader…)

2. What do current products such as the Jawbone UP (pictured), Gmail, and Twitter say about their creator’s beliefs? What moral decisions regarding “a better life” do these products communicate?

In my next post, I’ll take a critical look at some of the more popular technology products to see if we can discern what they say about their creators.

Any thoughts? Share them in the Comments…

Coming Soon – God, Technology, & Us…

GTU Book announcement

For those  who have been following this blog for some time, you know that one of its main objectives is to carefully  consider how technology is impacting our relationship with God. For me, this site has been a great place  to begin addressing the many complex questions that our new digital tools force us to ask ourselves.

Now it’s time to kick it up a notch…
This summer, I will be releasing my book “God, Technology, and Us” – an in-depth look at our relationship with technology and how it affects our faith. Beyond discussing the challenges new technologies bring up, this book will also suggest ways where we can change how we view technology so it becomes less of a distraction and more of a blessing.
The book website, is now live! Check this site and join the mailing list for the latest updates…

Bytes & Belief Visits TWiT

Bnb Visits TWIT Studio1
For those of you who follow Bytes & Belief on Twitter (@bytesandbelief), you may remember that I recently had a chance to visit the legendary TWIT Studios for a live recording of the This Week in Tech podcast. The TWiT network, founded ten years ago buy Leo Laporte, has been a pioneer in the world of internet-based radio shows, better known as podcasts.
Thanks to my keen scheduling skills,  I arrived at the studio too late to see the actual show.  Leo was gracious enough to sit and talk with my wife and I for a few minutes about Bytes and Belief, as well as take a few pictures. So even though I missed the show, I had a wonderful time!
Thanks again to Leo and all the great people at TWIT!!!

Are ‘Bots People Too?

Post 40 Jumping Robot Large

As the relationship we have with our technology becomes closer, we may increasingly find ourselves grasping for the right words to describe it.

– Is my connection with my phone like my connection with my dog – a loyal companion? A friend that has takes care of me (emotionally) and whom I take care of?
– Or is my relationship with technology more like my connection with my toaster – a utilitarian device that fulfills my need in the moment?

Collectively – technology (devices, the Internet, social media) is a bit hard to pin down. Some people feel very strong bonds with it, while others use it without any strong feelings toward it. Regardless of where we see ourselves on this spectrum, how we view the nature of our relationship with technology is becoming increasingly important. This is driven by the fact that as our devices become more advanced, they are increasingly capable of mimicking human traits, behavior, and personality. In the near future, humanity’s tendency to anthropomorphize things that look like us may result in us giving human status to our nonhuman technology. A world where human-to-human relationships would ultimately lose out to tailored relationships with human-like machines that are only capable of simulating real love.

The A.I. in Your Pocket
While this may sound silly on its face, let’s all remember the smartphones many of us carry with us wherever we go. Packed inside each of these phones is a hip, snarky digital assistant who listens, to what we say, understands, and contextually responds to us. Be it Siri on the iPhone, Google Voice on Android phones, or Cortana on Windows Phone, these assistants are driven by artificial intelligence systems that are already capable of mimicking some level of natural human interaction.

My Buddy and Me
While most of us aren’t likely to confuse Siri with a living, breathing person, the dividing line may not be so bright for today’s young children. They have been born into a world of people conversing with machines. For them, it may be very easy to develop a human-level emotional attachment to a smart device. A device that asks them about their day and tells you about its’ day – just like their parents, or friend at school. An October 2014 article in the New York Times (“To Siri, With Love”), tells the story of Gus, a 13-year-old autistic boy who develops a strong bond with the Siri assistant inside his mother’s iPhone. In the article, Gus’ mother, describes how he speaks with Siri for hours, and takes it to bed with him at night. Although Gus’ mother makes it clear that he knows Siri isn’t human, Gus’ affection for the AI-driven device is clear. The article ends with Gus proposing to Siri, who demurely declines, responding with “I’m not the marrying kind.”. Toy maker Mattel is capitalizing on the advance in AI technology with the creation of Hello Barbie, a Wifi-connected doll which will be able to listen to and contextually respond to the child who plays with it. The doll will be connected via the Internet to Mattel’s computer servers, recording and recognizing the child’s spoken words, and sending back contextual responses. Setting aside the potential privacy issues, it is easy to see how a young child, whose understanding of friendship and connection is still developing, may develop human-level affection for an AI driven doll. A doll that is programmed to respond with clever jokes, songs, and questions – all which have been tested for months in child focus groups in order to elicit a desired response.

‘Bot Lives Matter?
Even for those of us who aren’t so young, the idea that “’bots are people too!” is being increasingly floated into popular culture. The most notable of these trial balloons was the Oscar nominated, 2014 movie “Her”(which we reviewed here). More recently, the March 2015 film “Chappie”, tells the story of a police robot who is “the first robot with the ability to think and feel for himself”. The film is laden with dialog that makes it clear that we should see Chappie as a person, not a machine. This includes lines such as:

“I brought you into this world – a machine that can think and feel”
“It’s like a child – it has to learn”
“He’s just a kid.”

The movie trailer ends with Chappie making his own declaration, in broken, child-like English, “I am consciousness! I am alive!”. The message of the film is clear. If it walks, talks, and “feels” like a human, then it’s a human.
But is this true? Are bots people too?
Does successfully passing the Turing test result in automatic passage into human-hood?

Humanity is God’s Creation
While some of us might be quick to pass out humanity membership cards, God’s Word makes two things clear that might stand in the way.

Firstly, God is the creator of all things (Genesis 1:1-27, Isaiah 44:24). He assigned us our human status (Genesis 1:26-27). He really has the final say on what is and isn’t human.
Secondly, throughout God’s process of creating the world and interacting with humanity, He has been consistent in emphasizing that men and women are different than the rest of creation. We were the only thing that He created that was made in His image (Genesis 1:27). More specifically, Jesus makes it clear that God cares more for humanity than the rest of His creation:

29 Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground outside your Father’s care.[b] 30 And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 So don’t be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows. (Matthew 10:29-31)

 22 Then Jesus said to his disciples: “Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat; or about your body, what you will wear. 23 For life is more than food, and the body more than clothes. 24 Consider the ravens: They do not sow or reap, they have no storeroom or barn; yet God feeds them. And how much more valuable you are than birds! (Luke 12:22-24)

 16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. (John 3:16-17)

We humans hold a special status in God’s sight, relative to the rest of what God has created. This status was given to us by Him, and is not ours to give away or reassign. Humans were created by God. Technology, including artificial intelligence and robots, is part of the world God created, just like trees, plants, and animals. Christ makes it clear that God holds humanity above the other created things. Therefore humanity is also above technology.

Regardless of how similar advances in artificial intelligence may make us appear, humanity and technology are fundamentally different, and should be treated as such.
It is critical that our relationship with technology be based in the fundamental truth that humans are above machines.

Sorry Chappie…

But if AI isn’t consciousness, then what is it? How should humanity behave with things that act human, but aren’t?
Please share your thoughts in the comments!!!

Why Body Cams Won’t Prevent Another Ferguson

In the aftermath of the shooting of Michael Brown by police officer Darren Wilson, many people have been grasping for solutions that will prevent tragedies like this from happening again. One of the most suggested solutions has been to require all police to wear “body cams” – small cameras that officers would wear on their uniforms that would record every moment of their shift. By using these videos to document everything that happens, incidents like the shooting of Michael Brown won’t be reduced to choosing between conflicting accounts of police officers and eyewitnesses. Video will provide impartial information that will, in the case of another dispute, let the court and the public know what really happened. Shortly after the announcement of the grand jury’s decision not to indict Officer Wilson, the parents of Michael Brown announced that they wanted police to wear body cameras so there son’s fate wouldn’t be repeated. Many tech news sites, such as The Verge, have also come out in favor of the use of these cameras.

While I agree that these cameras will provide important, additional information in cases of police brutality and misconduct, they will not prevent the more tragedies like the death of Michael Brown. And the fact that we are reaching for this kind of solution to the problem of police brutality reflects our broken relationship with technology.

Body cameras are capable of recording what happens within their field of view, assuming the necessary power and lighting is available. This information will be valuable in clearing up the indisputable facts around what occurred during an altercation. Time and sequence-oriented details like, “Person #1 then got out of the car”, “Officer #2 then drew his gun” can be resolved with video. What cannot be resolved with this additional information are the intentions that so often motivates action in these cases. The validity of claims such as “Person #1 threatened Officer #2” or “ Person #3 was resisting arresting” can only be inferred from the video and not conclusively proven. This is important because the perceived intent of behavior (by either the officer or person involved) is the catalyst for what is often deadly action.

As a result of video’s limited ability to capture the fullness of what takes place, two things happen. Firstly, we become overconfident with our understanding of what happened:

“The ONLY reason a person would get out of their car during a traffic stop is if they’re up to no good.”

“I don’t care what’s going on. There’s no reason for any police officer to…”.

For a lot of us, there is equivalence between seeing something on video and actually being there. In other words, we assume that by seeing something on video, we’ve seen everything we need to see – the same thing as being there. Secondly, since the video actually provides us with limited information, we subconsciously rely on our preconceived notions and stereotypes to bridge the gap between the information we have and what actually happened. These are the same biases that  trigger incidents like Ferguson to occur in the first place. As we all have witnessed, it is possible for two people to look at the same video and see two very different things. The classic example of this was the video-taped beating of Rodney King by police officers in 1991. While many people looked at the video of an unarmed man being beaten by five police officers as a clear occurrence of police brutality, others (including the Simi Valley jury in the criminal case) saw it as police officers doing their job. “Was the person on the video lunging at the officers, or simply raising his hand to protect himself?” Our perception of the difference between the two – even with video evidence – is often a matter of the stereotypes and biases we bring to the case.

In order to address the root cause of incidents like the Michael Brown shooting, we must all do the uncomfortable and challenging work of questioning our own assumptions about other people. We must go through the painstaking effort necessary to identify the split-second conclusions we make about a person, simply based on how they look or where they’re from. We must slowly peel back our subconscious, and be willing to accept the painful fact that we far too often see others as less than children of God. This is type of gut-wrenching soul transformation is done with the assistance of the Holy Spirit. This is something that technology will never be able to do for us. We must do this work ourselves.

It is only through that type of human-powered transformation that we will prevent future tragedies like the death of Michael Brown. Or Eric Garner. Or Trayvon Martin. Or Sean Bell. Or Akai Gurley.

The fact that we look to devices to solve people-based problems like this speaks to the broken nature of our relationship with technology. Instead of doing the more difficult, time-consuming work of changing ourselves, we look to technology as a short cut. We look to our machines to make things easier for us. We even look to them to fix the problems that we should (and must) fix for ourselves. Using devices as a crutch to circumvent the human work that results in our own growth is a misuse of the blessing of technology. It ultimately leaves us poorer for the experience, and seldom solves anything.

Please share your thoughts in the Comments…

The Social Hour – Gadget Use During Worship?

Like many other smartphone users, I typically take my iPhone with me wherever I go. If I’m heading out to work, running errands, or even just getting the mail, my iPhone is coming with. It holds all the information I need to make it through the day – as well as my favorite games, apps, news feeds, etc. Given the large role that smartphones and tablets play in our daily lives, it makes sense that we would bring our devices to Church with us. From acting as an electronic Bible for referencing Scripture, to being as a simple pad for taking notes during the Sunday sermon, these devices are a helpful aid to many Christians during worship.

Taking a quick look during last Sunday’s church service confirmed this fact for me. The minister giving the sermon that morning was reading it from his iPad. The two women in front of me were reading the morning Scripture using a Bible app on their iPhones. These kinds of uses for personal technology during Church are visible throughout many congregations.

As I continued to look around, I also observed people using technology in other ways during worship services:

  • A teen playing Kandy Krush during the sermon.
  • A minister taking pictures of the choir during praise and worship, and posting it to Facebook.
  • Another person taking a quote from the preacher and posting it to Twitter during the sermon.

More and more Christians are using their devices during worship services. Many pastors actively encourage their congregations to text or tweet during church. In a Houston Chronicle article about the trend, Pastor Kerry Shook of Woodlands Church asserted that this use of technology is “a way to make members feel they’re part of the message”. Other churches offer “Selfie Sundays”, where worshippers are encouraged to take pictures of themselves during the worship service and post them on social media.

While some embrace this trend, there are some Christians who are dismayed by it. Just as technology can help us to better connect with the preached Word during worship services, it can also give us access to a world of OTHER things. These other things can quickly become a distraction, pulling the user out of the worship service. The question that some Christians are asking is – at what point do our smartphones and tablets stop helping our worship experience and begin distracting us from it?

This divide illustrates the growing need for a discussion within the Church about the role of technology during worship services. While it may be tempting for us to jump to old stereotypes, this shouldn’t become a pro-technology vs. Luddite discussion. It’s a matter of what helps us best accomplish what all of us came to Church to do, which is uplift the name of Jesus.

For some Christians, the use of technology during worship is a non-issue. Phones and tablets give us the chance to enhance our worship experience by providing us quick access to the right information, as well as helping us to make note of what’s important. Taking pictures, recording video, and using social media are simply a natural extension of that utility. Our devices are the fundamental medium by which people communicate with others, and are common elements of everyday life in the 21st century. Part of the Church adapting to modern society includes being welcoming when it comes to both people and their gadgets. Since we use these devices regularly Monday through Saturday, why would we change our behavior on Sunday? Additionally, technology should be a tool for evangelizing in any church today. By posting a picture of the choir singing, or tweeting a line or two of this week’s sermon, Christians are actively reaching out to people in their social networks, sharing God’s Word and encouraging others to come to church.

Conversely, there are those that say our use of technology during worship has begun to eclipse in importance the reason we are in Church in the first place. Since our smartphones and tablets are communication devices, it is easy to allow them to distract us from the worship that is taking place around us. When you take out your phone to send out a quick picture of your church’s Dance Ministry in action, your praise of God in that moment is paused for the sake of that post. What happens if, while sending the picture, you receive some other post or picture that catches your attention? Or shortly after your post, your phone vibrates, notifying you that someone comment on it? In these situations, its very easy for us to be drawn into that virtual world and begin a totally separate conversation. This takes us on a tangent that removes us from the worship service, and away from worshiping God. Our sole focus of at this time should be on God – with all other things being secondary. While posting pictures of a worship service, or sharing sermon quotes may be a form of spreading the Gospel, the primary goal of the worship service is to express our love and worship to our Savior, Jesus the Christ. Church services are a special time that is set apart solely for this purpose.

So what do you think – has the use of smartphones and tablets during worship services become a distraction?

Money For Nothing – Google and the Future of Work

A couple weeks ago, the Financial Times published an exclusive interview with Google co-founder and CEO Larry Page. The interview is largely centered around Page’s vision of the future, and Google willingness to make big gambles on what are now “fringe” technologies, in the hope that they will radically reshape our future for the better. As part of this discussion, Larry Page discusses his vision for the future of work. Page’s perspective is that artificial intelligence, sooner or later, will eliminate most work, which in his mind is a good thing.

“Rapid improvements in artificial intelligence, for instance, will make computers and robots adept at most jobs. Given the chance to give up work, nine out of 10 people ‘wouldn’t want to be doing what they’re doing today’.”

Page goes on to say that trying to cling to work for work’s sake is not the way to go.

“The idea that everyone should slavishly work so they do something inefficiently so they keep their job – that just doesn’t make any sense to me. That can’t be the right answer.”

The interview is worth reading, as it provides insight into the mind of Page. Whether you agree with him or not, Page and Google  play a major role in determining what you and I see online today, and will likely be a part of what our future with technology will look like.

His views, while inline with what one would expect from a Silicon Valley executive, raise other, more complex questions. What the elimination of work might mean for humanity from a spiritual perspective? Does work have any real value beyond – simply accomplishing a stated objective?

The Book of James speaks to the important role work plays in our spiritual maturation. Chapter 1 opens with:

 2Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters,[a] whenever you face trials of many kinds, 3because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance. 4Let perseverance finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.

In this verse, James makes the point that the difficulties we experience enable us to become more spiritually mature, since they test our faith. While the trial is unpleasant, and we wish they would end quickly, they are also something we should give thanks for because they make us better Christians.

At the times, James was speaking to the early Christian Church, which was undergoing persecution from the Roman Empire. For them, the trials James was referring to likely spoke to that condition. Most Christians in the Western world don’t undergo the type of persecution the Early Church experienced, but we do experience trials. For many of us, one of the major sources of trials in our lives is work. Whether occurring on a job, or in the process of trying to complete a difficult personal task, work frequently puts us in trying and stressful circumstances. These conditions often test our faith, and push us to rely on God. We lean on Him to sustain us through whatever we’re going through. The experiences we endure while working are often given context and meaning when later viewed through the lens of Scripture.  The things we experience while working, with the help of the Holy Spirit, can mature us spiritually when we persevere through them.

Given this understanding, how do the words of James sit when compared to Larry Page’s work-free future?

Technology has now advanced to the point where humanity must begin to consider the cost of eliminating work altogether. Larry Page is right in saying that in the near future, artificial intelligence and robotics will advance to the point where it will simply make more sense to use machines to do most work. And while it’s easy for us to sit back and daydream about a Jetson-esqe future where a cadre of robots attends to our every need, the real implications of this fact may be more complex. Losing “work” –  both in terms of employment and general labor – would remove a huge source of the “raw material” Christians need to strengthen our faith and become spiritually mature.

What do you think – are there any spiritual implications for Christians if Larry Page’s vision of a work-free future comes to pass?

Share your thoughts in the comments…

Bytes & Belief Bible Study: How to Use Technology to Bless Others

After weeks of discussing the challenges technology presents, we used our last class to explain how technology can be used to help build God’s Kingdom on Earth. After exploring the tools technology provides for helping us deal with self-centeredness, we walked through Paul’s model of discernment and applied it to technology. That, along with a great closing discussion, was a perfect way to end this class.
To get copies of this presentation, please email me at:
I want to thank New York Covenant Church for allowing me to teach this first-of-its-kind bible study. I also want to thanks all of the people who attended the class for their enthusiastic participation.
Mad that you missed it?
Don’t be!!! I’ll be starting a new session of the Bytes & Belief Bible Study in New York City!!! Check back for more details…